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22/11/2023

Artificial Intelligence in healthcare: What is it and how is it redefining patient-centered care?

Artificial Intelligence in healthcare is revolutionizing patient-centered care by leveraging advanced algorithms and machine learning. This technology is capable of analyzing vast amounts of medical data, leading to more accurate diagnoses and personalized treatment plans.

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

AI in healthcare is not just about automating tasks; it’s about providing deeper insights, enhancing efficiency, and ultimately improving patient outcomes. In this segment, we explore how AI software is redefining healthcare, from diagnosis and treatment to patient engagement and administrative efficiencies.

What is AI software in healthcare?

In the field of healthcare, AI suggests a great support for both medical institutions and their professionals, and consequently for their patients, as it constitutes an optimal tool that offers solutions for prevention, diagnosis and elaboration of plans or treatments, and even patient monitoring.
All of this is because it has the advantage of processing, analyzing and interpreting large amounts of data and information in order to propose accurate and efficient solutions, which will undoubtedly improve healthcare services; this means that these technological tools improve the patient’s experience, as it rigorously takes into consideration all the data provided, leaving no room for errors or non-observances, focusing on the particularities of the patient through a fast, automated and personalized system.

Therefore, doctors receive quality care capable of making immediate diagnoses, providing virtual assistance at any time, adapting personalized treatments, monitoring diseases, among others.

Types of AI in healthcare

1. Machine learning

A very common form of AI, it’s based on algorithms focused on machine learning data, with which they will be able to identify patterns and propose predictions, developing a type of intelligence that allows them to learn and improve independently without human intervention.

AI in healthcare uses neural networks and deep learning through algorithmic applications through which computers can triangulate information and detect a medical problem.

2. Natural language processing (NLP)

This branch of AI  interprets human speech and writing, therefore, it analyzes human language, being able to understand non-explicit data or information. In healthcare, NLP systems analyze diverse medical records—structured reports, articles, data, results—to integrate and offer answers, diagnoses, and broader solutions.

3. Rule-based expert systems

Rule-based expert systems depend on a team of experts in the area and are based on the definition of rules for a specific area, which will be applied by the computer to determine a situation or propose a solution.

In the medical field, these systems have traditionally been used as a complementary method for clinical decision-making; however, conflicts or inconsistencies have been found in the rules that could affect the quality of the results, so systems based on data and algorithms are currently recommended.

4. Physical robots: AI in healthcare

Physical robots are machines programmed to perform tasks performed by humans; they been designed to facilitate and automate tasks in different spaces, such as factories or warehouses. In healthcare, there are interventions that make use of robotic surgery, depending on their purpose robots can be equipped with cameras, tweezers, sensors, ultrasound, among others.

5. Robotic Process Automatization

Robotic process automation (RPA) involves computer programming through servers, in which repetitive tasks performed by human resources become automatic, speeding up their execution time and making processes more efficient.

The RPA is simple and efficient programming, allows greater control in process management, support and lighten the tasks offered by service providers, in the healthcare field professionals can allocate more time to priority tasks or of greater relevance, as the software robots will be responsible for working on simple administrative tasks such as billing, sending emails, appointment scheduling and data recording, or complex as claims processing, troubleshooting, as appropriate.

Applications of AI in healthcare

If you find yourself wondering what is the role of artificial intelligence in healthcare, it has plenty of roles! Here are some of the most know:

Diagnostic and treatment

Currently, there is countless research available that focuses on achieving medical diagnoses and elaborate treatments with the assistance of AI. For example, medical imaging software companies play a pivotal role in advancing healthcare technology, providing innovative solutions for diagnostics and treatment planning. These companies specialize in developing cutting-edge software that enhances the accuracy and efficiency of medical imaging, contributing to more precise diagnoses and improved patient outcomes in the ever-evolving landscape of healthcare.

These applications can be successful as a complementary tool to the decisions of medical staff, since AI is able to reduce human error, due to its ability to analyze and interpret large amounts of complex data that allow it to detect clinical profiles, which could escape the consideration of the human mind.

Patient Engagement

The patient, as the core of healthcare, is and must be a participant in the clinical processes to which he or she is subjected. In the case of prescriptions, their effectiveness depends not only on their correct performance, but also on the involvement of patients in their medical treatment.

If we all think about the impact of artificial intelligence in healthcare, this is a perfect example. The reason why there is a boom in the use of mobile applications that provide medical assistance (to patients, especially to monitor pharmacological treatments, allowing self-management of medication, reminders, among others) with the support of AI, is because these applications can become increasingly effective by incorporating systems and algorithms capable of identifying patterns and proposing predictions.

Administrative applications

In healthcare, administrative activities such as telephone answering, appointment scheduling, claims processing, data recording and file management demand time, money and human resources that can be devoted to attending to priority tasks for the healthcare of patients.

In this aspect, the aforementioned robotic process automation can play an important role in the processing of these tasks, allowing organizations and healthcare personnel to focus their attention on the fundamental actions for the care and well-being of patients, saving time and increasing their efficiency at the budgetary level.

Challenges and implications of AI in healthcare

The presence of AI in the medical field is increasing, however, there is still a great deal of work to be done regarding the adaptation and acceptance of its processes and results by organizations, medical staff and patients; therefore, it is important to create awareness of the innumerable advantages of AI for the transformation of healthcare.

Also, some studies provide interesting sights about this ever-evolving technology, and some challenges are to be expected:

  • Privacy concerns emerge when AI-based systems handle patient data on large datasets, requiring adherence to medical ethics and laws. Stringent governance is essential to prevent unauthorized access and manipulation by malicious entities to safeguard patients.
  • Dependability and security are paramount; an unaddressed error in an AI system can yield inaccurate outcomes for assigned tasks, potentially resulting in significant repercussions. Early rectification is crucial to ensure reliability.
  • Lack of standardized data input for databases introduces variability across locations, potentially yielding divergent outcomes. This emphasizes the need for consistent data practices to enhance reliability and coherence across diverse settings.

The future of technology in medicine

Can artificial intelligence replace doctors in the hospital? While there is a certain increasing use of artificial intelligence in hospitals, specially in the form of a medical imaging platform, these new technologies can’t replace a doctor. As of now, they are a key and fundamental tool to complement the doctor’s services and, therefore, contribute to the quality of healthcare and the well-being of patients.

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Interested in harnessing the potential of an AI-powered Medical Imaging Platform to revolutionize your healthcare services? Reach out to us today and join the journey of leveraging cutting-edge technology to enhance diagnostic accuracy, streamline operations, and elevate patient care in your medical practice.

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